Blues Improvisation Using Guide Tones

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Improvisation is one of the most exciting aspects of playing music and is a direct manifestation of our desire to create, express ourselves, and jam with other musicians. Learning to improvise and expand one’s improvisational skills are among the most common goals guitar students aspire to achieve. It is important to bear in mind that improvisation involves the assimilation of the stylistic elements of a particular musical genre. For example, if we compare the improvisational style of a Rock guitarist with that of a Flamenco guitarist, it is clear that their solos consist of quite contrasting musical vocabulary. Inflections in rhythms and feel, note choice, techniques, melodies, scales, and length of a solo are all idiosyncratic of the musical genres and contexts one is improvising within.

Guide Tones in The Key of A

In this lesson, we focus on the 12-bar blues and use it to develop our ability to improvise only using guide tones, i.e. the third and seventh of each chord. By targeting these specific notes, we build our ability to ‘hear’ the sound of the blues progression. Simultaneously, we internalize the order and duration of each chord, which is a fundamental step in the process of memorizing any chord sequence. The basic 12-bar blues progression in the key of A has the following layout:

Blues Improvisation Using Guide Tones

All chords contained in this example share the same harmonic structure, which consists of:

Root – Major 3rd – Fifth – Minor 7th

Let’s find out the major third and minor seventh for the respective chords in the blues progression by following two simple rules. The major third is four semitones (or two tones) higher than the root of its chord. The minor seventh is two semitones below the root. This method allows us to identify all the guide tones we need to start improvising:

  • C# and G for A7;
  • F# and C for D7; and
  • G# and D for E7.

The following score and tablature show one of the many possible variations of playing guide tones through the blues progression. On closer examination, it is important to notice that:

  • All the notes are played on the G and D strings of the guitar and follow the same fingering layout;
  • When we advance from one chord to the next, the guide tones only shift by one or two frets thus giving the progression continuity and logic;
  • As the chords are moving at a faster pace in the last four bars, the rhythm of the guide tones changes from whole notes to half notes.

It is advisable to practice this exercise with a backing track in order to hear the sound of each guide tone over the blues progression.

Blues Improvisation Using Guide Tones

Many possible variations can be derived from this effective and valuable method. It is advisable to experiment with different rhythms and work on a set position in the fretboard or pairs of strings until this approach is internalized. At that point, the exploration of other areas of the instrument should be quite intuitive. After a few attempts, it will be evident that guide tones are always close to each other and follow repetitive patterns throughout the guitar. Use the fretboard diagrams below to navigate areas of the guitar you are not familiar with yet.

Note that the hollowed circles next to the D and G strings are guide tones options as well.

Experiment and have fun!

Blues Improvisation Using Guide Tones
Andrew Scrivens

Andrew Scrivens

I am a live musician and guitar teacher from Brisbane, Australia, with extensive experience playing live, in the studio and for TV shows. I play in many venues, studios, music shops and with my students and as such am exposed to a lot of different gear. I form my opinions based on my experiences playing instruments in these locations.

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